This Agreement shall be subject to ratification by both countries in accordance with their respective constitutional procedures and shall enter into force from the date of exchange of instruments of ratification.  The agreement emphasizes respect for each other`s sovereignty, territorial integrity, political independence and unity. It also mentions non-interference in the internal affairs of the other and the flaw in hostile propaganda. The agreement did not prevent relations between the two countries from deteriorating into armed conflict, most recently during the 1999 Kargil war. In Operation Meghdoot in 1984, India seized the entire inhospitable Siachen Glacier region, where the border was not clearly defined in the agreement (perhaps because the area was deemed too arid to be controversial); This was considered by Pakistan as a violation of the Simla agreement. Most of the deaths that followed in the Siachen conflict were caused by natural disasters, for example. B avalanches in 2010, 2012 and 2016. On July 2, 1972, the two countries reached an agreement. The main clauses of the Simla Agreement are as follows: what the Simla Agreement did not achieve for India could have been achieved through the 1973 Delhi Agreement, signed by India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. The Simla agreement reads more like a communiqué than a peace agreement with a country that had gone to war with India. Nothing in the agreement has set Pakistan a future good conduct. It also contained some ridiculous expectations, such as the clause that obliges both governments to „take all measures directed in their power to prevent hostile propaganda against each other.“ Shimla Agreement: 2.
July 1972 1972 Agreement: what is it? The shimla agreement was signed on July 2, 1972 by indira Gandhi, then Indian Prime Minister, and Pakistani President Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, after the 1971 India-Pakistan War that liberated eastern Pakistan and led to the creation of Bangladesh. The shimla agreement was a comprehensive plan to enable good-neighbourly relations between India and Pakistan. In this context, both India and Pakistan have decided to abandon past conflicts and focus on building lasting friendship, peace and cooperation among themselves. India and Pakistan have decided to put an end to the conflict and confrontation that had affected their relations in the past and to work towards a friendly and harmonious relationship in order to achieve lasting peace in the subcontinent. 2. India and Pakistan both agree that relations between the two parties are governed by the principles of the Charter of the United Nations. The two countries have decided to settle their differences by peaceful, bilateral or other mutually agreed means. 4. Both India and Pakistan have agreed to respect the Line of Control in Jammu and Kashmir without prejudice to the recognized position of both sides. They also agreed that neither would try to change them unilaterally, regardless of mutual differences and legal interpretations. .